A series of images from 1955 illustrate how scientists planning the arrival of man on our natural satellite.At the dawn of the space race, even before putting into orbit the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1 history – the Soviet Union scientists dreamed of a fellow walking on the moon. A series of slides drawn in 1955 illustrate how imagined it would be the first manned trip to our natural satellite 20 years later, in 1975. This is a very interesting material, and in many ways resembles that in 1969 NASA finally achieved.
Man has dreamed of stepping on the moon since the contemplated sitting at a campfire at the entrance to his cave. But it was not until the industrial revolution proved that machines could actually turn that dream into reality that humanity knew with certain that one day one of their representatives finally walk across the surface of the Moon.
Jules Verne imagined a wonderful trip aboard a cannonball, which although was not achievable in practice, for example, the crew would die crushed in the projectile, was the first attempt to describe in detail the scientific problems to be solved for send an object to reach the Moon. But it was the mid-twentieth century when, thanks to technology derived from the two World Wars, we knew that there was always too much to turn that dream into reality. In 1955, the Soviet Union scientists working on the development of what eventually became in 1957 the first artificial Earth satellite, Sputnik 1, they believed that in 20 years could walk on the moon. And translate ideas into a series of slides.
To observe today, some of these pictures drawn in 1955 might seem to naive. The texts that accompany them at times simply become a flyer. But most of the ideas expressed are entirely realistic, and in strict conformity with the knowledge available at the time.
The epic told by this set of slides starts when a rocket designed by the Russian space agency off due to the Moon. As some scientists are now proposing, instead of using a conventional rocket multistage vertical takeoff and “disposable”, the Russians in 1955 thought it was a good idea to use the slope of a mountain-Mount Kazbek, to launch the vehicle. That would allow them to save fuel and reduce the complexity of the rocket.
As can be read on 25 November 1975, at 10 o’clock in the morning depart towards the cosmonauts to the moon, looking to become the first humans to reach. After turning on the engines for 25 seconds, the ship travels 600 meters per second (about 2160 kilometers per hour). Seven minutes later, the engines are off and the Moon 1 flies through space.
Two hours later can be as relaxed cosmonauts enjoy your trip. They traveled 39 thousand miles, and can see the Earth as nobody ever saw. The Luna 1 is broad, and its occupants have radio and television receivers.
The doctor on board periodically reviews the health of cosmonauts, their vital signs and sends to Earth, where the support team makes sure everything goes as planned. On 27 November at 11:12 hours, the cosmonauts warn that travel is coming to an end, so turn on the engines to start braking. The moon, huge, is closer than ever.
Soon after, the Russian astronauts landed on the moon. In the slides can read his footprints will last for centuries, printed on fine dust covering the moon. In 1969, it would be the commander of Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong, who stamping the first human footprint on the site.
The astronauts would travel the Moon, using a space suit, as can be guessed in the drawings, be flexible and lightweight. Low gravity of the moon would allow them to use small spears to overcome flaws in the field. Throughout the whole series of slides are mixed with other realistic elements which, viewed 55 years later, seems a little child.
In spite of being a little naive, this series of slide shows that even in the early stages of the space race aimed at Russia’s space agency was putting a man on the moon. The ship can be seen in these pictures never built, but inspired by their dreams, scientists built many robotic vehicles orbited and landed on the moon, and even brought samples of their soil. Luna 9 mission, for example, successfully landed on the moon on 3 February and sent pictures back to Earth. And Luna 24 mission, the last of the series, landed on the moon on August 18, 1976, dug a hole 2 feet deep and returned to Earth with 170 grams of lunar soil samples. Unfortunately I never managed to bring a cosmonaut on our natural satellite, but other successes were impressive. Sometimes dreaming is an essential part of any business.